More than 2500 years of history

700 B.C. – The local ligurians build a small tower in the Arcagna area, on top of mount Aurin. The tower served as a viewing and defence base, in which they could keep livestock and grow small allotments.

600 B.C. – The Greeks found the Massalia colony (i.e. Marseilles), and start trading with the Ligurians, introducing viticulture to the area.

 

100 B.C./400 A.D. - The Romans colonise the Ligurians. The Roman Aurinia family manages allotments and fields in the Dolceacqua valley, including Tramontina, la Colla and Arcagna amongst others. The Terre Bianche area is already used to mine the raw materials for the production of shingles and bricks.

600/1000 - The subsequent domination by Byzantines, Longobards e Saracens bring religious conflicts and general havoc to Dolceacqua valley. At last the CaroIingian royalties restore the peace and spread the Christian religion through the Benedictine monks, who introduce innovative agricultural techniques to the area.

 

1151 – The Benedictines monks build the S.Maria monastery in Dolceacqua; Crosa, Butin, Arcagna, Auriveu, Borgu Novu feature among their estates. Agriculture in the valley changes dramatically and olive groves make a long lasting entrance into the area.

1260 - The Terra Blanca region (i.e. Terre Bianche) is already cultivated by the Alemanno and Macarius families.

1523 – The ‘vermigli’ or ‘rocensi’ wines of Dolceacqua are becoming known and appreciated.

1742/1748 – The Dolceacqua valley – and its flourishing agriculture – is subverted by the Austrian Succession War.

1817/1839 – The rossese di Dolceacqua is quoted in the ‘Pomona Italiana’, by G.Gallesio.

1870 – The Rondelli family plants  Terre Bianche the first rossese di Dolceacqua vineyard.

1885 – Phylloxera, a pest of vines, hits Dolceacqua.

1901 – Mario Calvino, agronomist (and father of renown writer Italo), introduces the American portainnesto, a revolution for the viticulture of the region.

1972 – After a temporarily neglected viticultural scene following the second World War, the Rossese di Dolceacqua becomes the first D.O.C. in Liguria, celebrating the quality of its vineyards.